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Somali in Ethiopia

Somali

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Somali in Ethiopia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,579,000 Somali Islam 0.14 % 0.03 %   

Somali in Ethiopia

People Group Video [7]
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Introduction / History
Ten million Somali live scattered across eight countries in the northeastern portion of Africa, commonly called the "Horn of Africa," and in the Middle East. They are one of the most homogenous people groups on the continent of Africa. Over two million live in Ethiopia, where they are known as the Western Somali.

The Somali share a common language, adhere to a single faith, and share a cultural heritage that is an integral part of their nomadic lifestyle. Their name is derived from the words, "so maal," which literally mean, "Go milk a beast for yourself!" To the Somali, this is actually a rough expression of hospitality.

The Somali first appeared in the Horn of Africa around 1200 A.D., and began expanding westward and southward about 150 years later. They converted to Islam around 1550, under the influence of Arab traders that had settled along the cost of present-day Somalia. By 1650, they had moved into Ethiopia.

What are their lives like?
Somali society is based on the nuclear family, which consists of a husband, wife, and children. A typical family owns a herd of sheep or goats and a few burden camels. Some may also own a herd of breeding and milking camels. The more camels a man has, the greater his prestige.

The Somali consider themselves warriors. The men often leave the women in charge of the herds, so that they might train to become more effective fighters. They are a very individualistic people, sharply divided by clans. Fights often occur between the clans, resulting in many deaths.

There are four major Somali clan groups. The two largest are the Somaal and the Sab. The Somaal are primarily nomadic shepherds. The Sab usually settle in communities and live as farmers or craftsmen.

The nomads live in portable huts made of wooden branches covered with grass mats. They are easily collapsible so that they can be loaded on pack animals and moved along with the herds. Their diet includes milk, meat, and wild fruits. The more settled Somali farmers live in permanent, round huts that are six to nine feet high. They have a more varied diet, which includes maize, beans, rice, eggs, poultry, bananas, dates, mangoes, and tea.

Having an abundant supply of food is a status symbol among the clans. Each family periodically holds banquets for their relatives and friends. A family's prestige is determined by the frequency of its feasts, the number of people invited, and the quality and quantity of food served.

Typically, the Somali wear brightly colored cloths draped over their bodies like togas. The men may also wear kilts.

What are their beliefs?
Although the Somali are nearly all Shafiite Muslims, numerous beliefs and traditions have been intermingled with their Islamic practices. The standard Islamic prayers are usually observed; however, Somali women have never worn the required veils. Villagers and urban settlers frequently turn to the wadaad (a religious expert) for blessings, charms and advice in worldly matters.

What are their needs?
Very few Somali children attend school, and over half of the adults are illiterate. This is not surprising since they did not have a written script until 1972.

Access to modern health services is very limited in Ethiopia. Droughts, famines, and wars have created numerous problems. Malnutrition alone has accounted for the death of thousands of Somali since the 1970s.

The activities of missionaries among the Somali have met with little success. There are only a few known believers among the Somali living in Ethiopia.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into Ethiopia.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to go and break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask God to grant favor and wisdom to the missions agencies that are focusing on the Somali.
* Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Somali.
* Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio and television to the Somali.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Somali.

View Somali in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-01-08
Link Up Africa
Praying for Somali
 
Prayer Links
Somali People Video
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Country: Ethiopia
Continent: Africa
Region: East and Southern Africa
Persecution Rank:22 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:4
Location in Country:Mainly, Somali and Oromia regions; areas in Afar and Dire Dawa regions.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Somali
People Name General: Somali
Alternate People Names:
IssaOgaden
SabShabelle
सोमाली
ROP3 Code: 109392
Joshua Project People ID: 14983
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 6,579,000
Population all Countries: 19,582,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Somali
People Name General: Somali
Ethnic Code: CMT33e
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Somali (6,579,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): som    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.14 %(Evangelical: 0.03 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.86 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox100.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1915-1935
New Testament:
1972-1976Audio
Complete Bible: 1979
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoI Against My Brother (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Somali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kitaabka Quduuska Ah
Text / Printed MatterBible: Somali Bible
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Somali in Ethiopia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Somali     East and Southern Africa    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Somali Ethiopia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Somali in Ethiopia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Somali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=14983&rog3=ET