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Tharu in India

Tharu

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Tharu in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
464,000 Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya Hinduism 1.20 % Unknown Not available   

Tharu in India

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Introduction / History
The Tharu people live in the Tarai, a narrow strip of land which extends across 550 miles of the southern border of Nepal, next to northeast India. The land is forested and fertile. The Tharu people are divided into several subgroups; the Rana Tharu live in the southwestern corner of Nepal. Ethnically, their background is Rajput, members of a high caste in Rajasthan. Legend has it that after the Moguls invaded India in the 16th century, a Mogul king wanted to marry one of their women. The women and children fled east and settled in this forested region while their men stayed behind to fight the Moguls. When the women heard that all their men had been killed, they married the slaves who had attended them in their travels, and settled permanently in their new home. The forests of the Tarai are full of tigers and snakes and malarial swamps. The swamps kept outsiders away, and the Rana Tharu developed resistance to the malaria. Over the next four centuries their own unique culture and language emerged.

What are their lives like?
The Rana Tharu have lived quiet, simple lives for four centuries. They are a gentle people. They live in villages in houses plastered inside and out with mud and cow dung, so fine it feels like silky skin. They make almost everything they use themselves, with a touch of art in everything. Their walls are decorated with relief plaster sculpture and windows in geometric patterns. Their houses are large and communal; a family group lives together, and the women cook together, care jointly for their children and pass on their culture and traditions to the next generation. Their clothes are colorful and beautifully embroidered; they buy scraps of left-over fabric from the fabric merchant and each woman puts her own dress together in a unique and gorgeous fashion. They wear beautiful jewelry. They make their own clay pots cook stoves, woven baskets and fishing nets that look like butterfly wings. Rice is their staple crop; they also grow corn. The men plow, plant and weave the nets that the women use to fish. They also hunt in the forest that is the backdrop to their neat fields and villages. The women plaster their houses and make the pots and baskets.

What are their beliefs?
They have their own gods and follow a Bharra (shaman). Their religion is animist. Besides the Bharra, who treats their diseases, the village headman, bhalamansa, and the Desi-Mahajan - an Indian moneylender, are important people within the village.

What are their needs?
Foreigners brought DDT in the 1950s and sprayed the swamps to get rid of the mosquitoes. Ironically, with the malarial pests gone, the culture has come under increasing pressure from the outside. Unscrupulous moneylenders have been able to get control of their land because of their illiteracy, and now many have to pay rent for land that they once owned. People from the hill country to the north are moving in and cutting down the protective forests. The large animals, the tigers and elephants, are becoming increasingly scarce. There is increasing pressure to speak Nepali instead of Rana Tharu, and many of the children and men are wearing more western dress. Even their houses are beginning to change, and brick houses are starting to be built. They are becoming more aware of outside issues and fireside chat in the evenings is becoming more outward focused, reflecting these changes. Their traditional houses have no doors, but the new ones do. This is symbolic of the whole pressure to change coming to bear on these people. New schools are coming to the villages, but the classes are taught in Nepali rather than Rana Tharu, and the parents are afraid their children will lose their language and culture. Similarly, more and more people are adopting the Hindu religion rather than their native animist beliefs.

Prayer Points
* Pray for missionaries who know or are willing to learn their language to come to these people with the gospel.
* Pray for their rich culture to be preserved.
* Pray for good medical care.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:464,000
Largest States:
Bihar (164,000)Uttarakhand (111,000)
Uttar Pradesh (109,000)Assam (54,000)
Sikkim (17,000)West Bengal (5,700)
Arunachal Pradesh (1,100)Manipur (700)
Meghalaya (600)Maharashtra (400)
Total States on file:21
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tharu
People Name General: Tharu
Alternate People Names:
KathoriyaKathoriya Tharu
MahatosMahatu
Tharu Ranaथारू
ROP3 Code: 110011
Joshua Project People ID: 15464
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 464,000
Population all Countries: 2,154,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Tharu
Ethnic Code: CNN25k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya (119,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): thq    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (79,000)Tharu, Kathariya (69,000)
Nepali (66,000)Kumaoni (57,000)
Bhojpuri (18,000)Kanauji (8,300)
Buksa (7,200)Tai Long (5,400)
Maithili (4,800)Odia (1,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 30
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.65 % 
Christianity1.20 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.62 % 
Islam0.14 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.13 % 
Unknown0.25 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tharu, Madhya-Purbiy ...
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tharu in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Hindi     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tharu India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tharu in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=15464&rog3=IN