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Baiga in India

Baiga

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
638,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.27 % Unknown   

Baiga in India

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Introduction / History
Romani groups are often thought of as wandering bands of peddlers and fortune tellers traveling from place to place in colorful caravans. But this is not always an accurate picture, as many of the world's Romani can be found settled in India and the Middle East.

The largest group of Romani in India are the Lambadi (or Gormati). Other groups living there include the Tamil Nomads, the Indian Romani, the Kanjari, and the Baiga. Although these groups are spread throughout India, most of them are concentrated in such areas as Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madras, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh. The Arhagar Romani also live in neighboring Pakistan and Bangladesh.

These groups, as well as other Romani around the world, are linked linguistically. All of the Romani languages belong to the North Indo-Aryan language family. When Romani began traveling from India to different regions of Europe hundreds of years ago, different dialects of their language (Romany) emerged. Each dialect became classified by the region in which a particular group settled.

What are their lives like?
Most Indian Romani have olive skin, dark hair, and brown eyes. Many believe they are descendants of the Rajputs of medieval India. These were a people who had been expelled from their homeland by Muslim invaders. They were used as grain-carriers and weapon-makers for Muslim troops. The Rajputs wandered throughout India and beyond, as a destitute, ignored, and misunderstood people. Their only valuables were the tools used in their specialized professions. Today, their descendants, the Romani, are widespread throughout India. They have maintained a mystical lifestyle that keeps them somewhat socially separate from their surrounding communities.

Not only do the Indian Romani usually have more than one occupation, but they also use additional skills to supplement their incomes. Some specialize in making such items as broomsticks, iron tools, and needles. They may also repair tool or work with stone. Other Romani are Hindus who believe that one does not have to work for a living, but may gain income by "religious begging." They sing songs and wear special make-up while begging in the name of a specific deity. Acrobats, magicians, tricksters, story-tellers, fortune-tellers, and the like may also polish cattle horns or work as blacksmiths. Some groups have even developed the art of tattooing. Nevertheless, these various occupations are used only when the region's people have a need for them. A Romani will change occupations and activities, adapting to a changing society's needs, because they depend on the people in that society for their livelihood. A Romani will only settle down when he cannot adapt to the needs of the region. Some of these "settled" Romani now live as farmers.

While some Romani travel throughout the year, others travel only part of the year, returning to their home camps periodically. Some live in houses similar to those of the region, but many use their wagons or bull carts as dwelling places, and some live in mobile homes. Few travel by foot or on horseback, since they cannot afford such "luxuries."

Typically, Romani have very unclean living habits. Sanitation and good hygiene are rarely practiced. Indian Romani believe that babies are to be born "into the lap of mother earth." For this reason, a woman will have her baby while lying on a rug on the ground. Children are often poorly cared for; their hair hangs loosely and shoes are seldom worn.

What are their beliefs?
Most Indian Romani are Hindu. Others have combined many Hindu practices with their own beliefs. Two groups, however, are Muslim. The Arhagar Romani practice Islam because they live in Pakistan, a Muslim country. The Indian Romani have simply continued to observe the practices of their Muslim invaders of long ago.

Romani often follow folk beliefs and mixed with these religious beliefs are many "taboos." One taboo among the Hindu Romani is that a woman's hair must not be combed or let down long in the presence of men. Another is that a woman should not pass in front of a man who is sitting, but rather behind him.

Even though Romani are unreserved in speech, many have high moral standards. For example, chastity is very important. In the past, some girls who were involved in prostitution were buried alive. Unmarried girls are still discouraged from going into the cities, and they usually wear veils over their hands and feet while sitting with strangers.

What are their needs?
Many Romani live in poverty. Usually the only clothes a Romani owns are the ones on his back. An unsanitary lifestyle has created many physical needs among them. The quality of health care, nutrition, and education is poor. Most children do not attend schools because their families are always on the move. Adequate educational opportunities must be provided to raise their standard of living.

Most importantly, these Romani are spiritually poor. Christian broadcasts and Scriptures must be made available if they are to hear the Gospel. Christian workers are needed to teach them how to live lives pleasing to God.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Romani.
* Pray that the Romani who have found Christ will be bold witnesses to their own people.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Romani believers.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of Romani towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will give missions agencies strategies for reaching the Romani.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:638,000
Largest States:
Madhya Pradesh (460,000)Chhattisgarh (115,000)
Uttar Pradesh (39,000)West Bengal (16,000)
Jharkhand (3,900)Uttarakhand (2,900)
Maharashtra (900)Odisha (800)
Bihar (400)Sikkim (60)
Total States on file:11
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Baiga
People Name General: Baiga
Alternate People Names:
BaidguarBaigani
Pandaबैगा
ROP3 Code: 111422
Joshua Project People ID: 16296
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 638,000
Population all Countries: 641,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Banjara
People Name General: Baiga
Ethnic Code: CNN25f
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hindi (493,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Chhattisgarhi (67,000)Gondi, Northern (9,100)
Bengali (7,200)Bagheli (5,500)
Santhali (3,000)Ho (2,900)
Kanauji (2,600)Awadhi (2,400)
Bhojpuri (1,700)Kumaoni (1,600)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 45
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity0.27 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.53 % 
Islam0.13 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown2.03 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
1811-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsHindi Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCoconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Baiga in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Banjara     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Baiga India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Baiga in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=16296&rog3=IN