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Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India

Chamar (Hindu traditions)

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Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
54,769,000 Hindi Hinduism 1.26 % Unknown   

Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Chamar people live primarily in India's western states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar. They are considered untouchable, and most of them know nothing else their entire lives. With a population of over 50 million, they are among the largest untouchable, or Dalit communities in the Hindu world.

The Chamar people are also known as Bhambi, Asadaru, Khalpa, Machigar, Lingayat, Mochi and Rohit.

They are regarded as untouchables or Sudras. To be untouchable, according to Indian-Hindu tradition, is to be undesirable, or unworthy of any sort of consideration or provision by society. This translates into frequent joblessness, lack of education and lifelong poverty. Traditional upper caste members will even avoid an untouchable's shadow.

What are their lives like?
The Chamar use the Devanagari script and speak Kannada, Gujarati and Hindi along with regional languages. Their main occupation is manufacturing shoes and chappals from finished leather. Besides this, they are engaged in daily-wage labour and petty business. Day labor and petty business are also main sources of income, along with the manufacture of shoes and chappal, an Indian sandal. The origins of the name "chamar" come from their leather work. You can imagine how working with the remains of dead cows can be viewed in Hindu cultures where the cow is sacred. Women are also involved in agricultural work, animal husbandry and various economic activities. The Bhambi Khalpa community repairs musical instruments like dhol and nagara which are played in the temples during worship.

Their staple cereals are rice and jowar. Men occasionally drink alcohol. The Chamar regard themselves higher than the Mangs and the Mahars.

The Chamar practice monogamy in marriage. Dowry is largely prevalent and is paid in cash and kind. Remarriage is allowed for widowers but not for the widows. The dead body of a bachelor is buried lying on its back with the head facing the south, whereas others are cremated and their mortal remains are immersed in sacred water. Rice balls are offered to the dead and to ancestors on the tenth day after death.

What are their beliefs?
The Chamar are Hindu. They belong to the Shiva and Bhagvat sects. Their deities are Bahiroba, Janai, Kandova of Jejori and Bhawani of Tuljapur. They follow the spiritual teachings of Ravidas. They recite mythological tales and sing songs from the religious epics. They celebrate the festivals such as Diwali, Panchami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Kartik, Holi and Hannami.

There is a slightly higher degree of responsiveness to the gospel among the Chamars than among other Dalits. There is a church planting movement underway among Chamars in several districts across India.

Prayer Points
* For the salvation of the Chamar people and that God may send several Christian workers among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* For the Chamar people to break through the caste barrier; be accepted and accept other communities.
* Pray that these Chamar believers will be salt and light to Chamar communities throughout India.
* Pray that church planting will grow across all Chamar communities.
* Pray for more workers to enter the Chamar harvest.

View Chamar (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-26
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:54,769,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (26,248,000)Madhya Pradesh (6,053,000)
Bihar (4,685,000)Rajasthan (3,494,000)
Haryana (2,545,000)Chhattisgarh (2,037,000)
Maharashtra (1,719,000)West Bengal (1,391,000)
Delhi (1,380,000)Gujarat (1,227,000)
Total States on file:30
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chamar (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Chamar (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
AhirwarArya
AsadaroAsodi
BagriBhambi
BolaBudhan
ChamadolluChamana
ChambadaChambhar. Moci
ChameharChamling
ChangarChanial
ROP3 Code: 111752
Joshua Project People ID: 16561
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 54,769,000
Population all Countries: 55,191,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Chamar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hindi (37,227,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (3,931,000)Chhattisgarhi (1,266,000)
Awadhi (1,115,000)Gujarati (1,010,000)
Bengali (987,000)Kanauji (870,000)
Marathi (771,000)Punjabi, Eastern (619,000)
Kannada (477,000)Dhundari (462,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 61
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.61 % 
Christianity1.26 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.13 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
1811-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsHindi Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCoconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=16561&rog3=IN