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Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan

Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions)

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Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
32,391,000 Punjabi, Western Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available   

Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan

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Introduction / History
The Jat people are a historical Indo-Aryan tribal group native to the Punjab region.

The Jats rose to prominence following the 1669 Jat uprising against Mughal rule, and they ruled various princely states throughout the 18th century. After 1858, under the British Raj, the Jats were known for their service in the Indian Army, being categorized as a "martial race" by the British, specifically in the Jat Regiment, the Punjab Regiment and the Sikh Regiment.

There is some evidence connecting the Jats and the Romani people, the descendants of Indo-Aryan groups which emigrated from India towards Central Asia during the medieval period.

The Jats have apparently formed during the centuries following the collapse of the Kushan Empire, during the early medieval period. They are assumed to be the product of admixture of Indo-Scythian elements to local Indo-Aryan groups.

There are very few records concerning Jats prior to the 17th century. There are records of Jat states in Rajasthan (the north Rajasthan region, then known as Jangladesh). It is not known when the Jat people established themselves in the Indian desert. By the 4th century they had spread to the Punjab.

According to earlier censuses, the Jat people accounted for approximately one-quarter of the entire Sindhi-Punjabi speaking area, making it the "largest single socially distinctive group" in the region.

Jat people are considered a forward class in all the states of India with those of Punjabi or Haryana origin.

The Jat people are one of the most prosperous groups in India on a per-capita basis (Punjab, Haryana, and Gujarat are the wealthiest of Indian states). Haryana has the largest number of rural crorepatis (similar to "millionaires") in India, all of whom are Jats.

Traditionally Jats have dominated as the political class in Haryana and Punjab. A number of Jat people belonging to the political classes have produced many political leaders, including the 6th Prime Minister of India, Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh.

A large number of the Jat Muslim people live in Pakistan and have dominant roles in public life in the Punjab and Pakistan in general. In addition to the Punjab, Jat communities are also found in Pakistani-administered Kashmir, in Sindh, particularly the Indus delta and among Seraiki-speaking communities in southern Punjab, the Kachhi region of Balochistan and the Dera Ismail Khan District of the North West Frontier Province.

The Association of Jats of America (AJATA) is the main Jat people organization of North America. It serves as the main body, forum and lobby for Jat people issues in North America.

Where are they located?
In 1931, the date of the last census of the British Raj before the abolition of caste, they were distributed throughout North India, mostly in the Punjab and Rajputana. Today, the largest population centre is located in the Punjab region, Haryana and Rajasthan; there are smaller distributions across the world, due to the large immigrant diaspora. In the immigrant diaspora major populations centers include the U.K., U.S., Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, Japan, Indonesia, Russia, Belgium and Australia.

What are their lives like?
The life and culture of Jats is full of diversity and approaches most closely to that ascribed to the traditional Central Asian colonists of South Asia. The Jat lifestyle was designed to foster a martial spirit. Whenever they lost their kingdoms, Jat people retired to the country-side and became landed barons and the landlords with their swords girded round their waists. They would draw the sword out of the scabbard at the command of their panchayat to fight with the invaders.

Jat people have a history of being brave and ready fighters. They are fiercely independent in character and value their self respect more than anything, which is why they offered heavy resistance against any foreign force that treated them unjustly. They are known for their pride, bravery and readiness to sacrifice their lives in battle for their people and kinsmen. In the government of their villages, they appear much more democratic. They have less reverence for hereditary right and a preference for elected headmen.

Sikh and Muslim Jat people from the Punjab mostly speak Punjabi and its various dialects (such as Maajhi, Malwi, Doabi, Saraiki, Pothohari, and Jhangochi).

The Jat people are required to marry within their community. The Joint family system was popular amongst the Jats and large families use to share the same house and hearth. With the advancement of modern civilization, as people are becoming less dependent upon and less tolerant towards each other, the joint family system is going out of vogue. It was still prevalent in the less advanced areas in the 1930s. Jat marriage ceremonies are traditionally conducted in according with Vedic rituals. The Jats are required to marry within their community. Widow marriage is not only permitted and practiced but is also a social obligation.

Historical records show from 1000 AD, when the population of jats was small and marrying within ones own gotra was not encouraged. However, from about 1650 AD onwards marrying within same gotra became more common. Scholars have reasoned this had to do with the size of the Jat population becoming much bigger and the chances of being related to someone, in the same gotra, became very small. The modern day yard stick (check) that Jat people use in marriage now is if the girl and boy do not have the same great-great-grandparents (not related for 4 generations). If they have the same gotra but are not directly related for 4 generations then it is considered acceptable.

What are their beliefs?
The census in 1931 in India recorded population on the basis of ethnicity. In 1925, the population of Jats was around nine million in South Asia and was made up of followers of three major religions: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism. Today there is a small group of adherents to Christianity, especially Jats living in the in UK.

View Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-11-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-11-04
  Submit Update:
Country: Pakistan
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:4 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:32,391,000
Largest Provinces:
Punjab (23,013,000)Sindh (8,099,000)
Azad Kashmir (664,000)Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (534,000)
Islamabad (38,000)Balochistan (30,000)
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (11,000)Gilgit-Baltistan (2,200)
Total Provinces on file:8
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions)
People Name General: Jat (Muslim traditions)
Alternate People Names:
JatJati
JatuLangah
LanghaManhas
MannasMarth
Nathजाट, (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112998
Joshua Project People ID: 17571
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 32,391,000
Population all Countries: 32,908,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Jat
People Name General: Jat (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Western (18,988,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pnb    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Saraiki (3,989,000)Urdu (3,485,000)
Sindhi (3,249,000)Marwari (399,000)
Bagri (84,000)Hindko, Southern (83,000)
Koli, Parkari (64,000)Kacchi (39,000)
Koli, Wadiyara (37,000)Hindko, Northern (36,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 35
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-ReligiousUnknown 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1885-1922
New Testament:
1819-2000
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsPunjabi Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoHouse of Love (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan

Peoples
               
Geographic
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  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Jat     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Jat (Muslim traditions) Pakistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jat unspecified (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Punjabi, Western  
    Global    
Language
 
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Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=17571&rog3=PK