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Bania, Gahoi in India

Bania, Gahoi

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Bania, Gahoi in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
350,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Bania, Gahoi in India

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Introduction / History
The Gahoi Bania live in central India. This Hindu subcaste belongs principally to the Saugor, Jubbulpore and Narsinghpur Districts. Their home is the Bundelkhand country, which these Districts adjoin, and they say that their original location was at Kharagpur in Bundelkhand, from which they have spread over the surrounding country.

The Gahoi Bania tell a curious story of their origin to the effect that once upon a time there was a certain schoolmaster, one Biya Pande Brahman, who could foretell the future. One day he was in his school with his boys when he foresaw that there was about to be an earthquake. He immediately warned his boys to get out of the building, and himself led the way. Only twelve of the boys followed, and the others were still hesitating, when the earthquake began, the school fell in, and they were all buried in the ruins. The schoolmaster formed the boys who had escaped into one caste, calling them Gahoi, which is supposed to mean that which is left or the residue; and he determined that he and his descendants would be the priests of the new caste. At the weddings of the Gahois an image of the schoolmaster is painted on the house wall, and the bridegroom worships it with offerings of butter and flowers. The story indicates clearly that the Gahois are of mixed descent from several castes.

The subcaste has twelve gotras or sections, and seventy-two al or Anken, which are subsections of the gotras. Several of the al names appear to be of a titular or totemistic character, as Mor peacock, Sohania beautiful, Nagaria a drummer, Paharia a hillman, Matele the name of a village headman in Bundelkhand, Piparvania from the papal tree, Dadaria a singer.

What are their lives like?
The rule of exogamy is said to be that a man must not marry in his own gotra nor in the al of his mother or either grandmother. Their weddings are held only at the bride's house, no ceremonies being performed at the bridegroom's. At the ceremony the bridegroom stands in the centre of the shed by the marriage-post and the bride walks seven times round him. At their weddings the Gahois still use the old rupees of the Nagpur kingdom for presents and payments to menials, and they hoard them up, when they can get them, for this special purpose.

The rupee is sacred with the Bania, and this is an instance of the preservation of old accessories for religious ceremonies when they have been superseded in ordinary use. Polygamy is permitted, but is rare.

What are their beliefs?
The Gahois employ Bhargava Brahmins for their priests, and these are presumably the descendants of the schoolmaster who founded the caste. At the thirteenth-day feast after a death the Brahmins must be fed first before the members of the caste. On this occasion thirteen brass or earthen vessels are filled with flour, and a piece of money, and presented to thirteen Brahmins, while the family priest receives a bed and piece of cloth. The priests are said to be greedy, and to raise quarrels over the value of the presents given to them.

At the Diwali festival the Gahois worship the implements of their trade, pen and ink, and their account-books. The Gahois are Vaishnava Hindus, and abstain from all flesh and alcoholic liquor. They trade in grain and groceries, and are bankers and moneylenders.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-08-09
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:350,000
Largest States:
Madhya Pradesh (113,000)Uttar Pradesh (112,000)
Rajasthan (54,000)West Bengal (12,000)
Maharashtra (11,000)Assam (8,500)
Gujarat (8,300)Bihar (6,800)
Haryana (6,800)Delhi (5,600)
Total States on file:21
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bania, Gahoi
People Name General: Bania, Gahoi
Alternate People Names:
Gahoi BaniyaGohoyi
GoiMahajan
Vaniaबनिया, गहोई
ROP3 Code: 115149
Joshua Project People ID: 19697
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 350,000
Population all Countries: 350,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Rajasthan
People Name General: Bania, Gahoi
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hindi (273,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bundeli (13,000)Marwari (11,000)
Bengali (7,300)Dhundari (6,700)
Awadhi (4,500)Gujarati (4,000)
Marathi (3,300)Shekhawati (3,200)
Kanauji (2,800)Bhojpuri (1,700)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 25
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism96.50 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small3.50 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
1811-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsHindi Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCoconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Bania, Gahoi in India

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      Bania, Gahoi India    
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            Bania, Gahoi in India          
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Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?peo3=19697&rog3=IN