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Romani, Sinte in Kazakhstan

Romani, Sinte

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Romani, Sinte in Kazakhstan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,100 Romani, Sinte Islam 2.00 % 0.40 %   

Romani, Sinte in Kazakhstan

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Introduction / History
In their homeland of India they were originally called Dom, meaning man. Later, Dom developed into Rom. Today, they prefer to be called Romani in Europe; but in the Middle East and North Africa, many still refer to themselves as 'Dom' or 'Domi'. Here, the term 'Dom' will be used for this people group found in the Middle East, and 'Romani' will be used as a general, more recognizable designation for the larger people group.

Originally coming from India, the Romani are now scattered throughout the world. Little is known today about the lives of the 2 to 3 million Dom who live in the Middle East. This is largely due to the closed communities they maintain. There are many fascinating folk tales about their origins that are still passed down from generation to generation.

Today, communities of Dom can be found in the following Middle Eastern countries: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, and Turkey. Turkish speaking Romani are also present in Greece, particularly in the northeast. Survey work is still needed to determine the accuracy of reports that refer to Dom in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. Unfortunately, accurate population counts are difficult to secure in these countries. Too often, Dom are not counted in the national census, or they hide their identity on purpose.

What are their lives like?
Dom lifestyles vary widely. There are those who maintain a peripatetic (nomadic) lifestyle. They offer their services as entertainers, musicians, or metal workers to other nomadic groups. Also included in the nomadic lifestyle are those Dom who are migrant workers. They can be found harvesting crops in the Jordan Valley, as well as working in the tobacco fields in northern Jordan. Other tent dwelling Nawar move in and out of the Bekaa in Lebanon, as do the Bedouin. Few Dom in the Middle East are pastoralists. In some countries such as Iraq, donkey and camel caravans of Romani entertainers still move about the country featuring dancers, fortunetellers, musicians, jugglers, and acrobats. Others can be described as semi-nomadic: they live in houses in or near a city part of the year, perhaps during the winter, but live in their tents the remainder of the year. The houses they live in are often nothing more than tin huts. The Dom in Kurman, Iran, are an illustration of semi-nomadic people. They support themselves as craftsmen, peddlers, fortunetellers and dancers, among other occupations, in the streets of the cities. Often, their children beg in the streets rather than attend school.

What are their beliefs?
The Dom people tend to adopt the dominant religion of their host country. For the Middle Eastern countries, this is Islam. To find Dom on the annual pilgrimage to Mecca is not unusual. While there are some devout Muslims among the Dom, the majority are only nominal Muslims. They consider religion a personal matter, and they are hesitant to talk about it with anyone. Superstition and "the good elements" of many religious systems make up the nature of their beliefs. Spiritism is dominant in their thinking as to why things happen in the world. They strongly fear evil spirits and curses. Dom fortunetellers offer to make clients a potion that will ward off curses.

There are very few known Christians among the Dom. One young man spoke about the isolation that a Dom feels when he or she becomes a follower of Jesus. As a result of accepting the Christian faith, they may find themselves outcasts, separated from their own families, as well as from the predominantly Islamic environment in which they live.

What are their needs?
In almost all of the countries they live in, their rudimentary command of the local language and limited use of written documents have contributed to their political powerlessness. Some who have settled are in transition, as they seek to become a part of the social systems around them. In an effort to fit in, they may abandon the traditional clothing, tattooing, dancing and fortune telling that are part of the Romani lifestyle. They may even deny their ethnic identity.

Regardless of their efforts to assimilate into the mainstream society, the Dom rarely have official status or citizenship in their country of residence. Due to their poverty, they are often unable to pay hospital fees when children are born. In this case, no birth certificate is issued, so the possibility of securing citizenship is forfeited. The concept of owning land is not inherent to the nomadic Dom world view, and they find it difficult to adjust to such an outlook. Few families own the plots of land on which they locate their settlements or camps. Therefore, they are often subjected to forced relocation.

View Romani, Sinte in all countries.

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Country: Kazakhstan
Continent: Asia
Region: Central Asia
Persecution Rank:43 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Kazakhstan (formerly Volga area until 1941)
(Source: Ethnologue 2010)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Romani, Sinte
People Name General: Romani, Sinte
Alternate People Names:
Croatian GypsyCroation Gypsy
GypsyKazakhstani Gypsy
ManucheManush
Manush GypsyRom
RomaniRomani-sinte
Rommane GypsySasitka
Sasitka RomaSinte
Sinte GypsySinte, South German
ROP3 Code: 109316
Joshua Project People ID: 14202
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 6,100
Population all Countries: 231,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster: Romani
People Name General: Romani, Sinte
Ethnic Code: CNN25f
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Romani, Sinte (6,100 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): rmo    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent40.00 %
Protestant20.00 %
Orthodox40.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1875-2007
New Testament:
2010Audio
Complete Bible: 2014
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Romani, Sinte
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Romani, Sinte in Kazakhstan

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Romani     Central Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Romani, Sinte Kazakhstan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Romani, Sinte in Kazakhstan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Romani, Sinte  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?rog3=KZ&peo3=14202