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Turkmen, Trukhmeny in Turkmenistan

Turkmen, Trukhmeny

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Turkmen, Trukhmeny in Turkmenistan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,544,000 Turkmen Islam 0.05 % 0.00 %   

Turkmen, Trukhmeny in Turkmenistan

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Introduction / History
The majority of Turkmen live in Turkmenistan, which is located in south Central Asia along the Caspian Sea. Many others live in the surrounding Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan. Their culture has been strongly influenced in the past by both the Turkic conquerors, who imposed their language on them, and the Arabs, who forced them to convert to Islam. Long ago, they developed a strong ethnic identity as "children of the desert" because they would plunder rich caravans of Persian traders.

In the 17th century, the Turkmen, or Trukhmens as they were called in Russia, migrated into the Caucasus. Turkmen use Russian as their literary language.

What are their lives like?
For centuries the Turkmen lived as nomadic herdsmen. Their society was characterized by a distinct economic division between the cattlemen and farmers. This division was present in almost every tribe, settlement, and family. However, the past seventy years of Soviet rule has virtually eliminated their nomadic life-style. The socialization of farmland has changed their traditional settlement patterns, and movement into the cities has naturally weakened their customs and traditions.

Tribal loyalties continue to have a strong influence over the people. The largest descent group is the tribe, then the clan, then the family. Members of a tribe are bound by a strong sense of family loyalty. Tribal loyalty is reinforced by the fact that the Turkmen will only marry within their tribes. Arranged marriages are common, and families often intermarry to preserve wealth. Although there have been political and economic changes through the years, less changes have occurred in the areas of family life and religion.

The Turkmen are especially known for their brisk trade in the bazaars, where many samples of their handicrafts can be found. Some of these include metal and wooden household utensils, tools, and furniture. Many have also supplemented their income by producing intricately designed carpets. Oil and gas production are the major sources of wealth.

The Turkmen are generally tall and thin. They are physically strong and easily able to endure the harshness of the environment. They are characterized by their hospitality, sincerity, and trustworthiness; however, they are also known as being hot-headed and revengeful.

Men usually wear baggy trousers, coarse shirts, boots, and wool hats. Women love wearing jewelry, especially anklet and bracelets. They cover their heads with cloth, like turbans that are also adorned with jewelry.

What are their beliefs?
The Nestorian Christians entered Turkmenistan in the fourth century A.D.; by the beginning of the fourteenth century, though, any lingering trace of Christianity had been totally replaced by Islam. This transition gradually came to influence the political, civil, and economic lives of the people.

In 1928, the Soviet authorities launched an anti-religious campaign aimed at the complete destruction of Islam among the Turkmen. The campaign was the harshest and most violent of all anti-Islamic attacks in Central Asia. Today, despite the outward conformity to Islam, mysticism and other past religious traditions are still prevalent.

What are their needs?
There is little awareness of Christianity among the Turkmen, and few believers. Christian churches have been closed, and members told they cannot meet. Believers face scrutiny from the government. Hostility to evangelistic activities has increased since 1997.

Although there is only a small population of Turkmen who have crossed the northwestern border of Turkmenistan and are living in Kazakhstan, the Bible League is using Project Philip there and training church planters effectively.

The New Testament was published in 1994, but more laborers and evangelistic tools are desperately needed for the Turkmen.

A Gospel witness to Turkmen will be most effective coming from other Turkmen who are culturally sensitive. Turkmen pastors face great hardship and persecution. Some have been fined, beaten and put in jail. Their sacrifice will be the seeds of the Kingdom sown into Turkmen lives.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God would raise up strong, bold Turkmen believers that will preach the Gospel without fearing for their lives.
* Pray that persecution will bring unity and stronger faith to the Turkmen Christians.
* Ask the Lord to anoint His Word to the Turkmen believers.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to live among the Turkmen and share with them the love of Christ.
* Pray that Christian radio broadcasts and literature will be made available to the Turkmen.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Turkmen believers.
* Pray that they will have opportunities to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will soften the hearts of the Turkmen towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Turkmen.

View Turkmen, Trukhmeny in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-10-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-11-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-11-30
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-12-16
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Country: Turkmenistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Central Asia
Persecution Rank:19 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:5
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Turkmen, Trukhmeny
People Name General: Turkmen
Alternate People Names:
AnauliChaghatai
EsariGoklen
JagartaTrukhmeny
TurkomanYomud
टर्कमेन
ROP3 Code: 110306
Joshua Project People ID: 15654
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,544,000
Population all Countries: 8,046,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Turkmen
People Name General: Turkmen
Ethnic Code: MSY41k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Turkmen (4,544,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tuk    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.15 % 
Non-Religious0.80 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent1.00 %
Protestant1.00 %
Orthodox90.00 %
Other Christian8.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1880-1994
New Testament:
1880-2005Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / NT
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / NT
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / NT
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Turkmen
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Ali (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Turkmen, Trukhmeny in Turkmenistan

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Turkmen     Central Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Turkmen Turkmenistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Turkmen, Trukhmeny in Turkmenistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Turkmen  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.unreachedresources.org/people-profile.php?rog3=TX&peo3=15654